Salil Chowdhury: Awakening Strains

November 19 is Salil Chowdhury’s birth anniversary. Although this multi-layered artist passed away in 1995, his stamp of exclusivity continues to sustain his livingness. A majority of Indians know Chowdhury (popular among his admirers as Salilda) as a virtuoso music composer. So did I, for a good many years, leading into my college life. His s music was hard to ignore for any lover of vintage-era Hindi film music. The earthy notes in Do Beegha Zameen (based on a short story by Chowdhury) or the Indianised version of a Hungarian folk tune in Madhumati; the poignancy of a day wearing down in Anand’s Kahin dur jab din dhal jaye or the strains of Middle Eastern music in Kabuliwallah—music, which didn’t slot Salil Chowdhury into any musician’s club, but established him in a league of his own. His versatility, the ability to make music that was internationally-influenced yet India-rooted, and his knack for getting the very best out of his singers easily made him stand out among his peers.
One day, during my college years, Salil Chowdhury stunned me again. This time, with a side of his that had remained unknown to me all this while—as a poet-composer of songs of protest and mass awakening.

Bicharpoti tomar bichar korbe jara
Aaj jegechhe shei jonota…

The people who will judge you
Have woken up, Your Honour.
Your guns and hangings, your prison tortures
Will be crushed by their weight.

Salil wrote this song in 1945, two years before India’s independence. It was a diatribe against the farce that was often carried out in the name of judicial hearing of Indian freedom fighters. The 1940s was also the decade when Salil Chowdhury joined the Indian Peoples Theatre Association or IPTA, an organisation of artistes and writers, born to address the conscientious role of the artistic community. As part of IPTA, Salil wrote many songs, beseeching his fellow countrymen to take power into their hands and rebel against exploitation by those in power. He wrote in simple Bengali, using words village folk spoke and voicing issues that concerned them.

O aayre, o aayere
Bhai bondhu, chal jaire…

Come, o’ brother,
Let’s cut the paddy and
Stock the harvest in our granaries.

Thus went his anthem for poor peasants who were perennially robbed off the rewards of their toil by shrewd, profiteering landlords. The poet-composer didn’t stop at his creation, though. He took these songs to villages, and soon these became people’s songs in the truest sense.

It’s easy to see what inspired Chowdhury to feel for the disadvantaged members of his community. As a young boy, he grew up in the tea gardens of Assam, where his father was a doctor. Chowdhury senior would routinely have the poorly paid coolies of the tea gardens to organise and stage plays against British exploitation. He also took part in many anti-British rallies, quite an audacious feat when the British were still ruling India.

Although in the mid 1950s this brilliant song-writer-musician matured into an exceptional self-taught composer with the onset of his professional career in film music, he never lost touch with the man within who dreamt of a classless society and envisioned an India that wasn’t touched by religious differences. He wrote his last mass song in the early 1990s, shortly after the demolition of the Babri Mosque by Hindu fundamentalist forces.

O aalor potho jatri, E je ratri
Ekhane themo na
E balur chore ashar
Toroni tomar jeno bendho na

O’ traveller of light
Don’t stop in this dark of night
Don’t anchor your boat of hope
On this slippery shore.

For more information and recordings of Salil Chowdhury’s brilliant compositions, visit The World of Salil Chowdhury.


The World of Salil Chowdhury
People’s Democracy

12 thoughts on “Salil Chowdhury: Awakening Strains

  1. Wonderful to listen to Salil’s tunes and songs again ! And of course, he introduced Mozart (some said plagiarized, but I differ) in the song “Itna na mujh se tu pyar bhada”. And thus introduced many Indians unconsciously to Western music. In Hindi movies, he is mainly remembered for incorporating folk tunes- specially from the Garhwal area (in Madhumati, most prominently.) It’s a pity that he peaked so young, at least in Hindi films and one did not hear much from him. My favourites are those sung in the shimmering, silken voice of Talat MehmoodI had heard about his Bengali compositions, but not heard the tunes/ songs themselves. I am listening to his Bengali songs via the link to his site that you linked to.Thanks !

  2. You are welcome, Bhupinder. That site is a treasure trove. Indeed, Salil Chowdhury never plagiarlised. Those who accuse him of that should be dared to try and plagiarise themselves and come up with results that have even a fraction of the creativity that mark Salil’s compositions. In “Itna na mujhse…” the situation is almost like two great composers shaking hands over some coffee. I don’t think Mozart would have minded at all. 🙂Cesar, many thanks for taking the time to read. I couldn’t agree more with you. 🙂Susan, good to see you drop by! Salil Chowdhury’s talent is hard to ignore, isn’t it?

  3. I hope you’re having a wonderful weekend. I wanted to say hello to everyone on my blogroll, and wish them well, because this is Thanksgiving weekend, and I am grateful for my Internet friends!

  4. Hi Lotus! Thanks for the lovely comment. I call it “Know the Writer” because I get to know them all over again, too. It’s learning while sharing. I need to visit your blog soon. ‘Missing out on so much, I am sure. 😦

  5. Very nice post, and it’s really good to find that you have seen Salil as the writer that he was never rated very highly as. Salil’s contribution to what is known in the present day as “jibonmukhi” gaan is indelible. The tradition was carried forward by bands like Mohiner Ghoraguli, and all of it goes back to those simple melodies which Salil composed partly in disgust and partly in despair.O Alor Pathajatri was one of the first songs I ever played on the piano, and ever since then, I fell in love with his music, and his humanity.Wonderful blog, I am glad I stumbled on it by mistake.

  6. Welcome to my blog, Sandy. Honoured to have you here. Thanks for the kind words on the post. I couldn’t do justice to the depth of Salil’s body or work as a writer-composer. I completely agree with your observation on his contribution to Jibonmukhi gaan. For me, his songs are more powerful and heartfelt than what Suman and his successors have written. Your blog is wonderful, too! I am linking to it so I can keep visiting 🙂

  7. Morescape Records — “Inspired by Salil Chowdhury”Hello Friends – I’m Bobby Chowdhury, Founder and CEO of Morescape Communications and Maestro Salil Chowdhury’s son. I have launched a new record label to promote and showcase my father’s musical and literary genius for this and future generations. The first album in a series “Inspired by Salil” is named Generations: Volume 1 and is a collaboration with my siblings Sanjoy and Antara. The release is due in late February. Please look out for announcements for companion websites at where you will be able to access free and paid music, ringtones, books, photos and other downloads very soon.I am very excited to announce our very first release of 2 singles from this upcoming album, now on iTunes. The tracks were recorded in Bombay and remixed and mastered in New York. Thanks in advance for your support, this is all a result of my dad’s good Karma!!- bc -For the singles take a look at

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